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Natural Sciences Department

The department comprises the Geology Section, the Zoology Section, and the Botany Section. The rich collections of the department contain living organisms and non-living matter found in Bosnia and Herzegovina and other countries. Today they total two million samples and specimens, mostly collected in the field, or, sometimes, obtained through exchange, received as donations or purchased.

Some of the material is stored in the scientific collections of the relevant sections, while some is displayed in permanent exhibitions in the Natural Sciences Pavilion.

The following exhibitions are at display:

The Natural Sciences Department was assigned its own pavilion in 1913, after the four pavilions were erected. The Botanic Garden and its live collections, located in the central part of the museum grounds between the pavillions, was founded that same year.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, geologija, geološka prošlost, fosili, mamut

Mammoth – Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach

This mammoth tooth was found in the alluvium of the river Sava near Gradiška. It belongs to the species Mammuthus primigenius, known as the woolly mammoth.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, botanika, herbarij, gospina papučica, endemi

Lady’s slipper orchid – Cypripedium calceolus L.

This species, considered by many to be the most beautiful European orchid (Orchidaceae), is one of the rarest plant species in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, zoologija, insekti, kukci, Goliath

Dynastes hercules (Linnaeus) and Goliathus goliathus Linnaeus

The male of the South American Hercules beetle (Dynastes hercules) is 17 cm long and is the longest beetle on earth. The African Goliath beetle (Goliathus goliathus) bears the title of the heaviest species in the group; it is so large that its larvae weigh 100 grams.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, botanika, herbarij, endemi, vlašićka ruža

Rosa brandisii Keller

This species of rose (Rosaceae) was discovered on Mt Vlašić in 1901, and was named after Erich Brandis, who originally identified and preserved it and left it to the National Museum in his will.

Odjeljenje za prirodne nauke, botanika, endemi, maleni jaglac, primula minima

Primula minima L.

This species of primrose (Primulaceae) is known in Bosnia and Herzegovina only from the horticultural material of the National Museum that was collected in the early 20th century from Mt Čvrsnica. It was originally identified and preserved by Pavle Fukarek, who left it to the museum in his will.